The Republic of Zimbabwe is a landlocked country situated between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers in the southern part of the African continent. Zimbabwe is bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the southwest, Zambia and a tip of Namibia to the northwest and Mozambique to the east. The capital of Zimbabwe is Harare.
Must see destinations in Zimbabwe:
The Victoria Falls - The Victoria Falls, which is one of the Seven Wonders of the World, has 545,000,000 litres of water plunging every minute into a gorge 106 metres deep. The Victoria Falls, so baptised by the enigmatic David Livingstone is the tallest water falls in the world. The Victoria Falls are 1 of 4 World Heritage sites found in Zimbabwe. The Victoria Falls National Park covers the area immediately downstream from the Victoria Falls. Visitors can take boat cruises on the Zambezi River, or take flights to view the Falls from the air there are also many vantage points to view the falls when walking through the Rain Forest, which is kept perpetually wet by the falling spray.
Zimbabwe Game Reserves - Zimbabwe has wonderful game parks like Hwange National Park, Kariba, Gonarezhou National Park and the Eastern Highlands and game viewing is one of the main attractions in Zimbabwe. The “Big Five; elephant, buffalo, lion, leopard, and rhinoceros can all be seen in their natural habitats within Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe has reserved 5 million hectares a total of 13% of the country’s land area, as parks and wildlife estates for conservation of wildlife.
Eastern Highlands is situated along Zimbabwe’s border with Mozambique. Attractions in this area are Mutare, Vumba, home to the Vumba Botanic Gardens, Nyanga with its mountains, waterfalls, and trout streams.
Matusadonha National Park on southern shore of Lake Kariba, Matusadonha is known for quality game viewing, both by road and by water.
Other national parks are Mana Pools, Gonarezhou, Chimanimani, Chizarira, and the Matopos near Bulawayo.
*** The premier game viewing destination in Zimbabwe is Hwange National Park;
Situated South of Victoria Falls lies Hwange National Park. Hwange is Zimbabwe’s largest game reserve and plays host to over a 100 animal species, 400 species of birds. Hwange has some of the largest herds of elephant and buffalo on the African continent. Hwange also has a healthy population of lion, eland, giraffe, rhino, zebra, sable, kudu, and waterbuck.
Lake Kariba - Lake Kariba is great engineering achievements and the construction of the 122 metre high Kariba dam wall has tamed the mighty Zambezi, and created one of the world’s largest man-made lakes. There are many resorts that accommodate tourist who come to sail, water ski, sunbathe or fish for Lake Cariba’s famous Tiger fish.
Zimbabwe’s generally high altitudes produce a moderate climate.
November to April is summer with highest temperatures in the region of 35°C considered as very hot. The winter months are between May to October and 7°C in winter is considered freezing. The rainy season falls between November to May and is generally warm and humid. In the rainy season the days are sunny with dramatic afternoon/evening thunderstorms.
The best time of the year to visit Zimbabwe - If game viewing is your main aim, the end of the cool, dry season, around September/October, is the top time for wildlife viewing, while the levels at the Victoria Falls still make for some brilliant views of the spectacular Victoria Falls.
Botswana’s infrastructure is quite good according to African standards.
Getting there - There are regular scheduled flights between South Africa and the various airports in Zimbabwe on a regular basis. Most international flights arrive in Harare. Most visitors to Zimbabwe will fly into OR Tambo Airport in Johannesburg and connect from there with direct flights Victoria Falls or Harare. International flights link Zimbabwe to Gaborone Johannesburg Windhoek Maputo, Lilongwe, Lusaka, Dar es Salaam and Nairobi
Population of Zimbabwe - African 98% (Shona 82%, Ndebele 14%, other 2%), mixed and Asian 1%, white less than 1%
Languages of Zimbabwe - English (official), Shona, Sindebele (the language of the Ndebele, sometimes called Ndebele), numerous minor tribal dialects
Visa requirements for Zimbabwe – citizen’s from USA, UK, Australia, Canada and most European countries can obtain a Zimbabwe visa at the port of entry on payment of requisite visa fees. These visas are easiest obtained on your arrival at the Airport or border post. If
Currency of Zimbabwe - The use of the Zimbabwean dollar as an official currency was effectively abandoned on 12 April 2009. Foreign currencies such as the South African Rand, Botswana Pula, Pound Sterling and the United States Dollar are used instead. Zimbabwe is a cash society, with very few establishments accepting international credit or debit cards. ATMs in the country are limited and unreliable. Traveller’s checks and check cashing facilities are effectively non-existent. Visitors are required to declare the amount of currency that they are carrying into and out of the country. While there is no set legal limit on the amount of foreign currency that a person can carry into Zimbabwe, the maximum foreign currency that can be taken out of the country is U.S. $5,000.
Vaccination requirements for Zimbabwe
Malaria: A Prophylaxis with Lariam, Malarone, or doxycycline is recommended for all areas
Hepatitis A Recommended for all travellersTyphoid Recommended for all travellers
Yellow fever Required for travellers arriving from a yellow-fever-infected area in Africa or the Americas
Hepatitis B Recommended for all travellers
Rabies recommended for travellers spending a lot of time outdoors, or at high risk for animal bites, or involved in any activities that might bring them into direct contact with bats
Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR)Two doses recommended for all travellers born after 1956, if not previously given
All travellers should visit either their personal physician or a travel health clinic 4-8 weeks before departure. The public medical infrastructure and facilities are limited. Most serious illnesses or accidents require medical evacuation to South Africa. All travellers are strongly urged to obtain medical evacuation insurance coverage prior to arriving in Zimbabwe. Doctors, hospitals and air ambulance medical evacuation services often expect immediate cash payment for health services. Bring a sufficient supply of your medications with required prescriptions for your entire trip, as many common medications are unavailable in Zimbabwe.